Pompeii

Ancient city of southern Italy in the south-east of Naples. It was founded in the seventh century BC and was an important Roman colony. Archaeological excavations have yielded the remains of the ancient city of Pompeii, buried under a blanket of ash and lapilli during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79AC, along with Herculaneum, Stabiae and Oplontis. The excavations are one of the best examples of Roman life; most of the recovered artifacts are now preserved at the National Archaeological Museum of Naples and in small quantities in the Antiquarium of Pompeii. In 2013 the archaeological site has been considered the second Italian site for number of visitors and in 1997 Pompeii, Herculaneum and Oplontis became part of the UNESCO World Heritage List. The city of Pompeii is surrounded by a wall in which there are seven gates plus an eighth, Porta Capua. The ruins of Pompeii and the eruption story involving the city have been the subject of numerous works of art such as paintings, novels, exhibitions, films, dramas and documentaries.