Herculaneum

This a city in southern Italy, near Naples.

The archaeological excavations of Herculaneum have given back the rests of the ancient city of Herculaneum, buried under a blanket of ash, lava and mud during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 A.D., together with Pompeii, Stabiae and Oplontis.
The Herculaneum site, managed by the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabia, is visited by an average of three hundred thousand tourists each year and in 1997, together with the ruins of Pompeii and Oplontis,  it has joined the list of assets of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
During the famous eruption of Vesuvius, in addition to ash and lapillithe city was buried under a blanket of mud that solidified producing a tuff layer 12 to 15 meters large which has preserved intact, in addition to buildings and objects, even organic materials such as food and wood.
From Ancient Herculaneum only four of the twenty total hectares on which it originally stretched were excavated; therefore the Forum, temples and many houses remain still buried.